Trade Directory Of Junagadh District

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About Junagadh

History :

The name evokes visions of old forts and medieval walls, palaces and tombs. And yet it seems almost paradoxical, that Junagadh is best known neither for the majestic Uparkot fortress which still dominates the city nor for the newer walled city of the Nawabi period, but for its association with Emperor Ashoka, who relinquished warfare after witnessing death and destruction during the battle of Kalinga and carved inscriptions preaching the Buddhist philosophy of ethical conquest rather than military conquest. One of the major sets of the Rock Edicts of Ashoka is still legibly inscribed on a rock on the outskirts of Junagadh. The edicts are protected by the Archaeological Survey of India building. The inscriptions were reported in 1822 by Todd, but really came to light only in 1837 when Rev. Dr. John Wilson copied them and in 1843 when the Royal Asiatic Society published them in the Bombay Branch Journal. The 16 principles preach virtues like matery of the senses, purity of  thought, gratitude, devotion, self control, secular thinking and kindness, while opposing animal sacrifice and greed. They speak of repentance for death and destruction caused during wars waged by Ashoka, his pilgrimages and his attempts to send people around the realm to preach the principles of non-violence.

Another famous peace maker in the historic annals of Junagadh is the religious poet Narsinh Mehta who dwelt here from 1414-1480 AD. His shrine can still be seen in the city, and his portrait stands alongside one of Mahatma Gandhi's at the railway station.


Narsinh Mehta Sarovar

Unique people's participation scheme for preservation of water